Building Our Program through Research – How We Promote Positive Changes for Indonesia
A lot of children and women have suffered from violence. Many young people are infected with HIV and have unwanted/unplanned pregnancies. Nonetheless, how much is the actual data available in the field that can represent the actual situation? It is impossible to carry out a program that encourages positive social changes unless we have actual data/information on the matter that needs improvement in order to determine the kind of improvement that needs to be done. Where do we start and where do we go to. This is why we rely on research with strong and scientific method that serves as the baseline in determining the social change we want to see.
There is a lot of ways to conduct a development program. It can be fast, slow, costly or inexpensive, participatory or ”by coercion”, covering only one aspect or comprehensive aspects. The selections will be based on comparison between the findings on the needs for improvement and the existing internal capacity of organization. There will be an evaluation process to measure the success of the method selected for the expected development. The selected method will then be improved to get a better development.
Therefore, a development program – in its design, implementation and evaluation always requires input of information on what, who, where, why and how from every aspect related to the program. It is known as the program implementation system. The system requires input of information/data that is systematically and efficiently collected through an activity called research:
During the process of an improvement program and other development programs, the results of activities are classified into stages, described as input, activity, output, outcome and impact. Input refers to the resources and method selected for certain activities; activity refers to what is done by utilizing the resources and the selected method (e.g. training, advocacy, donation of goods or equipment, etc.); output refers to the initial result of an activity (e.g. the completion of training, distribution of donation, etc.); outcome refers to subsequent activity or reaction of the beneficiaries regarding the output (e.g. increased knowledge, etc.); impact refers to a change or improvement as a result of the behavioral change of the beneficiaries.
All of our programs were started with preliminary research
Every program that we design always begins with preliminary research. Such as in the UFBR and ASK programs, in which we began with a research on youth’s knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding sexuality and reproductive health. For MenCare+ program, we conducted a preliminary/baseline survey on violence by adopting IMAGES (International Men and Gender Equality Survey) to measure and look at the opportunity on how to encourage male involvement in eliminating violence against women.
During the implementation of the program, we continue to measure the expected changes by using Outcome Measurement survey and the survey is also conducted at the end of the program, whose results will be discussed with relevant stakeholders.
In addition to this research, we also conduct an operational research to help us in achieving the target/objective of the program. Currently we are conducting a research on access to sexuality and reproductive information for youth in Indonesia; what kind of information youth need to know, obstacles in accessing the information, the type of media they access, and content analysis of the media that we provide in order to understand what type of information and the type of media that are relevant to the program and young people..
In conclusion, Rutgers WPF Indonesia always conducts researches in every stage of program activities presented to the public; in the preparation and design of the program, in the program implementation or improvement, and in the evaluation of the program to measure its success..